A Byte of my 2.2-lb Brain

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Landbased Overseas Filipino Workers

According to the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) overseas employment statistics, in 2014, around 1.8 million Filipinos were deployed overseas and around 2.4 million (overseas work) contracts were processed.

OFWs (and OCWs) are generally categorized into two types: Land-based and Sea-based. In this post, we focus on the land-based OFW statistics.

Deployed OFWs in 2014

Deployed OFWs in 2014

Destinations

OFWDestinations2014

For deployed land-based OFW’s, the 2014 top 10 destinations were: Saudi Arabia (28.2%), UAE, Singapore, Qatar, Hong Kong, Kuwait, Taiwan, Malaysia, Bahrain, and Canada. In 2013, Italy was still in the top 10 list; this has since been replaced by Canada.

GenderDistribution

In terms of gender, the figure on the left qualitatively shows the percentage of female (red) and male (blue) OFWs deployed from each region. In both the southernmost and northernmost parts of the country, more females were deployed than males. On the other hand, for Central Luzon, NCR, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, and Central Visayas area, more OFW males were deployed.

Across the country, most female OFWs belonged to the POEA-identified major occupational group “Laborers and Unskilled Workers,” while the males were mostly with the “Plant and machine operators and assemblers” and/or “Trades and related workers” groups. The chart below shows the distribution of our Pinoy workers abroad across occupation groups. The data used in the chart is from the Philippine Statistics Authority, 2014 Survey on Overseas Filipinos.
by_occupation

Remittance

Below, we show the year-on-year growth trends of cash remittances (source: Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas). The graph does NOT show the cumulative amount but the total cash remittance amount for each month. As expected, remittances spike every December. Although the general movement is increasing year-on-year, there is a decreasing trend, albeit limited, with respect to the amounts as percent-of-GDP (current prices). What does this downtrend mean for our economy and the role of OFWs?

BSP_remittance_data

as_percent_GDP

cashremittance_PSAMeanwhile, in the survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority from April to September in 2014 (reported under Distribution of Overseas Filipino Workers by Cash Remittance, Sex and Area: 2014), Luzon residents received the most cash from their friends and relatives abroad. It may also be interesting to note that it is only in Mindanao where the women workers out-contributed the men.

To normalize the observed trends, in the same report, the PSA also provided data on the average individual remittances, which were further classified based on the type of remittance: (1) as cash sent, (2) as cash brought home, or (3) in-kind remittance. In the graphs below, we show the distributions of the remittances per island, separating NCR from Luzon. The top graph shows the total remittances while the bottom shows the average remittance per overseas contract worker.

remittances_per_region
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As always, please feel free to leave me a comment, especially if you find anything erroneous in this post.

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This entry was posted on September 7, 2015 by in Philippines and tagged .
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